|Are there national specifications public procurement for energy efficient lighting, through implementation of the Directive 2006/32/EC?||Yes||1. Yes, Swedish Energy Agency has developed national (voluntary) specifications, defined in terms of W/m2 for indoor lighting; covering all types of indoor spaces. These specifications are extremely stringent; requiring the use of most efficient lighting. These specifications are very widely followed in Sweden, both by public and private sector buyers as well as by those who specify lighting. These specifications have been accepted and adopted by the lighting industry in Sweden and consequently, are aggressively being promoted by the lighting industry association, in cooperation with Swedish Energy Agency and its municipality based energy advisers. It may be added, that such specifications have been in use, in Sweden, for the past fifteen years and have been regularly upgraded and revised. The latest revision being undertaken during 2011. These specification require that LCC calculations be carried out and furthermore, require that in all lighting circumstances, where applicable to take into account, factors such as occupancy and day light availability. As evidence: The publication containing these recommendations is named “Ljus & Rum”: Planeringssuide för Belysning Inomhus”, in Swedish only. 2. Swedish Energy Agency’s predecessor NUTEK facilitated the development of national specifications for energy efficient LED lighting in traffic signals and for the ancillary traffic equipment by supporting technology procurements and demonstration activities. These specifications were later on translated into national standards. 3. Swedish Energy Agency and the Swedish Road Administration are currently collaborating with county administrations and municipalities to develop national energy efficient lighting specifications for outdoor (road) lighting, including tunnel lighting.|
|Are there pilot actions on energy efficient technologies (regarding lighting installations)?||Yes||Yes, Swedish Energy Agency and its predecessor organisations have been extensively involved in promoting energy efficient lighting through pilot actions: the pilot actions have been carried out 1) as technology procurement activities, involving key buyers in the market to act in unison to generate potentially large volumes, thereby, instigating the potential suppliers to react 2) as demonstration projects facilitating the validation of technological capabilities and economic returns. 1980s - Technology procurement of Electronic ballasts for fluorescent lighting. - Pilot demonstration projects for T-5 fluorescent lighting. Currently, 95% of lighting in new installations (not retrofit) is T-5 based and equipped with electronic ballasts. This is the highest figure amongst the European Union members. Evidence: this may be confirmed through the Swedish Lighting Industry Association. 1990s - Technology procurement and demonstration of Monochromatic LED based traffic signals and ancillary equipment. Currently, 100% of all traffic signals (pedestrian, traffic, bus and bicycle) in Sweden have been converted to LED based lighting, with no possibilities of snapping back to incandescent lamps. Energy efficiency attained is almost 90% in this programme. Evidence may be provided through the Association of Local Authorities that a 100% market transformation has taken place and all traffic signals have been converted to efficient LED lighting. - Technology procurement and demonstration of LED based exit signs. Currently, more than 80% of the new exit signs installed in Sweden are LED based with power consumption as low as 0.1 Watt vis-à-vis conventional signs consuming 11 Watts. These figures can be substantiated by the Swedish Lighting Industry Association. 2000s - Pilot demonstration of energy efficient monochromatic LED lighting in green house applications. - Pilot demonstration of energy efficient LED based elevator lighting. - Pilot demonstration of energy efficient LED based stairwell lighting. - Pilot demonstration of energy efficient LED based lighting for commercial freezers and chillers. - Pilot demonstrations of energy efficient ceramic metal halide lamps in road lighting applications. - Pilot demonstrations of energy efficient LED lighting in road lighting applications. The reasons for choosing niche applications are to overcome the issues involved in determining the expected life of LEDs.|
|Do specifications for public procurement of lighting installations using Life-Cycle Costing methodology exist?||Yes||the Swedish Environmental Management Council, http://www.msr.se/en/ publish guidelines and support for procurers: http://www.superefficient.org/Activities/Procurement/SEAD%20Street%20Lighting%20Evaluation%20Tool.aspx The publication “Ljus & Rum: Planeringsguide för Belysning inomhus”. Swedish Environmental Management Council, http://www.msr.se/en/ guidelines and support for procurers of outdoor lighting.|
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