In January 2012, the penetration rate of fixed broadband is 35% of the population above the EU average of 27.7%. France is the third country in terms of penetration level and the second country in penetration growth. France has 61% of fixed lines providing speeds of 10 Mbps and above. With regards to high and ultra fast speeds, only 2.9% of lines provide speeds between 30Mbps and below 100Mbps and 0% of fixed lines provide speeds equal or above 100 Mbps. Most of broadband lines in France are in the speed range of 10Mbps and below 30Mbps (58%).Mobile broadband penetration is 38.7%. In 2011 73% of the population use the internet regularly. With regards to disadvantaged people, the rate was 64%. 18% of citizens have never used the internet. Take-up of eCommerce is high, with 53% of the population buying online. 20% of businesses purchased online. The percentage of eGovernment users among the citizens has remained stable at 57%. The percentage of eGovernment users among firms has increased substantially from 78% in 2010 to 92 in 2011. In 2009, business expenditure on R&D (BERD) in the ICT sectors amounted to 4510 mio €, the second highest in the EU. The share of ICT in total BERD is close to the EU average, at slightly below 20%.