In January 2012, the penetration rate of fixed broadband is 33.3% of the population above the EU average of 27.7%. Both its penetration level and penetration growth rate are above EU average. Germany has 31.2% of fixed lines providing speeds of 10 Mbps and above. With regards to high and ultra fast speeds, 7.8% of lines provide speeds between 30Mbps and below 100Mbps and 0.4% of fixed lines provide speeds equal or above 100 Mbps. More than half of broadband lines in Germany are in the range of 2Mbps and below 10Mbps (56.7%). Mobile broadband penetration is 35%. In 2011 77% of the population use the internet regularly above the EU average of 68%. With regards to disadvantaged people, the rate was 62%.16% of citizens have never used the internet. Take-up of eCommerce is high, with 64% of the population buying online. Half of the population uses online public services in 2011. Take-up of online public services by businesses has increased substantially. In 2009, business expenditure on R&D (BERD) in the ICT sectors amounted to 5323 mio €. Germany alone accounts for nearly a quarter of ICT BERD in the EU.The share of ICT in total BERD is fairly low, at slightly above 10%.